Providence: Printed by J. Carter. . 1st printing (American Imprints 18466; Sabin 66296). Broadside, text printed in 4 columns. 20-5/8" x 12-5/8". Housed in an archival mylar sleeve [folded]. Age-toning, some minor extremity & edge rash. Horizontal & vertical fold-lines, with some spliting to paper at the edges. Small missing piece [1/2" x 1/4"] at the center intersection of the two fold-lines [affecting text to small degree]. A few spots of archival tape repair to verso. A Good copy of this rare survivor. Item #51237
This printed document records, for the information of the public, the Proceedings and resolutions of a meeting of the freemen of Providence, held on January 28, 1809, its object being "to take into consideration the alarming situation of the country, arising from the several embargo laws, and especially the last, and to adopt such measures as may be thought proper for the security and safety of our rights and liberties." The text of the resolutions, which primarily denounce the embargo laws, are followed by the text of the offending "Act to enforce and make more effectual an act, entitled 'An act laying an embargo on all ships and vessels in the ports and harbours of the United States,' and the several acts supplementary thereto," passed January 9, 1809, and approved by Thomas Jefferson.
This latter, officially known as the Non-Intercourse Act of March 1809, passed in the last sixteen days of President Thomas Jefferson's presidency, replacing the Embargo Act of 1807, and was, for the most part, almost unenforceable. This Act lifted all embargoes on American shipping except for those bound for British or French ports. Its intent was to damage the economies of the United Kingdom and France. Like its predecessor, the Embargo Act, it was mostly ineffective, and contributed to the coming of the War of 1812. In addition, it seriously damaged the economy of the United States, giving rise to this Providence resistance.... the broadside concludes with "... that venerable Friend and Patriot, Moses Brown, Esq; (who is no party man) pronounced, with great emphasis and spirit, the last Embargo Act to be the most oppressive and tyrannical he had ever read; -- and that the man GILES, who brought forward that Act, was, from his own personal knowledge, the Enemy of WASHINGTON."