TWO DISCOURSES. The First, Concerning the Different WITS of MEN. The Second, A brief Discourse concerning the various Sicknesses of Wines, and their respective remedies; at this day commonly used: Delivered to the Royal Society.; To which is added in this Third Edition, The Art and Mystery of Vintners, and Wine-Coopers: Containing approved Directions for Conserving and curing all manner and sorts of Wines; whether, Spanish, Greek, Italian, Portugall, or French: As it is now practised in the City of London.
London: Printed for Will. Whitwood, at the Angel and Bible in Little Britain, 1692. Third Edition (Gabler 15610; Wing C-3697). Cf Bitting, p. 82, for the 1675 edition; Simon GASTRONOMICA 335 & 336, for 2 earlier editions. , 183,  pp. Advertisement last 2 pages. ’The Mystery of Vintners: or, A brief discourse concerning the various sicknesses of wines’ and ’The Art and Mystery of Vinters and Wine-Coopers’, each with a separate dated t. p. Also contains "Some Observations on the Ordering of Wines" by Christopher Merret. The pagination and register are continuous. 5-1/2" x 3-1/2". Period dark brown full calf binding. Boards are worn & splayed, with some leather loss at spine base, exposing the binding structure. Age-toning & use to text block. No paste-downs, though believe this original to the binding, not a defect. Period pos to preliminary blank. 1801 ownership inscription to preliminary blank. A Good copy only. Item #50001
"Third and rarest edition of Charleton's work on wits and wine. As a Royalist, the author was appointed physician to the exiled King Charles II, and continued in his office of after the Restoration. He was one of first elected fellows of the Royal Society in 1663 and influenced Locke greatly. The Art and Mystery of Vintners and Wine-Coopers, published as a separate work ten years earlier, is appended here for the first time." [Bonhams, per RBH]
"Locke is supposed to have taken several of his ideas from the first discourse" (Lowndes). The second discourse is devoted to wine, in particular methods for preventing their putrefaction and 'Contains wine recipes, and advice on how to "help wine with an ill flavour," and other wine related advice ... all sorts of concoctions are suggested to revive sour and ill tasting wines' (Gabler).