London / Edinburgh / Oxford: William and Norgate, 1897. 1st Edition. , 156, 14 pp. Last 14 pages publisher catalogue. 8vo. 8-7/8" x 5-5/8". Original maroon publisher's pebbled cloth binding with gilt stamped spine lettering. Modest wear. Some age-toning to paper. A VG+ copy. Item #47783
Spencer was an English philosopher, biologist, anthropologist, sociologist, and prominent classical liberal political theorist of the Victorian era.
Spencer developed an all-embracing conception of evolution as the progressive development of the physical world, biological organisms, the human mind, and human culture and societies. As a polymath, he contributed to a wide range of subjects, including ethics, religion, anthropology, economics, political theory, philosophy, literature, astronomy, biology, sociology, and psychology. During his lifetime he achieved tremendous authority, mainly in English-speaking academia. "The only other English philosopher to have achieved anything like such widespread popularity was Bertrand Russell, and that was in the 20th century." Spencer was "the single most famous European intellectual in the closing decades of the nineteenth century." [Wiki].