London: Printed by M. S. for H. Blunden, at the Castle in Corne-hill. 1647. 1st Edition, variant issue (Wing B-3408A. Another issue of the same year has the printer's name "Matth. Simmons... in the yeare 1647"). , 155, , 28,  pp. Separate t.p. for "Clavis". Last 4 pp: 2 pp 'Catalogue of Bookes' [viz. bibliographical list] by Behmen, 1 pp of "Faults Escaped in Printing" & a blank. Inserted table & plate (imperfect, lacking 'folded' left side [approx. 1 - 1.5"]). 4to: ¢4 (-¢1, a half-title?) (a)2 a3 B1 A4 (-A1) C - 2B4 2C2. Period full leather with modern rebacking to style. Red morocco title label in second spine compartment. Modern eps. An overall VG copy (text paper beginning to brown at edges, with some associated chipping/repaired hole to lower right quarter of E2 [affects last few words of two lines on p 25 and first few words of four lines on page 26]/occasional po marginal pencil annotation a/o check mark). Item #24501
Bohme a German philosophical mystic who had a profound influence on such later intellectual movements as idealism and Romanticism. Born of poor parents in Goerlitz Germany, as a boy he tended cattle, later becoming a shoemaker, marrying & fathering 4 children.
Boehme, at the robust age of 37 in 1612, wrote his first treatise Aurora, oder Die Morgenroete in Aufgang. In 1613, an unauthorized copy of the manuscript was copied and circulated by Karl von Ender. Its reception "raised him out of his homely sphere, and made him the centre of a local circle of liberal thinkers, considerably above him in station and culture." However, the local pastor primarius of Gorlitz, Gregorius Richter, leveled a charge of heresy. The local muncipal council administered an admonishment to no further "meddle in such matters." This charge Boehme [publicly] followed for 5 years.
In 1618 Boehme again started writing expository & polemical treatises. The majority of his works were written, though not formally published, from 1619 - 1624. A second major work, Der Weg zu Christo, was published in 1624, and signaled a renewal of clerical hostility. Boehem, however, was destined to suffer but a short period of this second persecution; he died of an illness on 17 November 1624.
Boehme has been said to have a "fertility of ideas" and a "trasncendent greatness of religious insight." Boehme was studied by Sir Isaac Newton and influenced the work Henry More, as well as [and especially] William Law [1686 - 1761].
Xl Questions concerning the Soule was translated by the English mystic John Sparrow, in collaboration with John Ellstone, & financed by Humphrey Blunden.
This the first of several works by Boehme that Sparrow & Ellstone were to translate into English between 1644 - 1662. Boehme proved to be highly popular in England, where there were regular societies of Behmenists at the time. This work, XL Questions, went into a second edition in 1648, and a third edition in 1665. [11th EB].
A scarce title in the Boehme canon. We find no copies currently offered via the major on-line databases, OCLC records but 4 institional cc, and the work has only appeared at auction 3 times in the last 25+ years, the last in 1989.